Low Socioeconomic Status Linked with Increased Risk of Second Heart Attack or Stroke

Heart Attack or Stroke

According to a research study presented at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2016, low socioeconomic status is linked to a higher risk of a second heart attack or stroke.

About ESC Congress 2016

The ESC Congress is the world’s largest gathering of cardiovascular professionals who contribute to the global recognition of the latest clinical trials and discoveries. The ESC itself brings health care professionals together from over 120 countries, working to enhance cardiovascular medicine and help people lead healthier lives.

The Study

Most of the research conducted on cardiovascular prevention is done on healthy people, so it’s uncertain if the discoveries apply to patients who already have the disease. A relationship between socioeconomic status in healthy people and future cardiovascular risks was found in the 1950s.

A new study focused on the association between socioeconomic status in patients who had survived their first heart attack and their risk of suffering another heart attack or stroke in the future. Lead author Dr. Joel Ohm, a physician at the Karolinska University Hospital and Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, Sweden, said: “Our study shows that in the years following a first myocardial infarction, men and women with low socioeconomic status have a higher risk of suffering another heart attack or stroke. This is a new finding and suggests that socioeconomic status should be included in risk assessment for secondary prevention after a heart attack …”.

The study further supports the notion that individuals with lower incomes are more susceptible to higher levels of stress, leading to a greater potential of cardiovascular risk. This also means that married patients are at lesser risk when compared to single or divorced patients, because they have the financial and emotional support of their partners.